Solutions for dentifrice tartar control formulations.
Tartar control agents help prevent both the formation of tartar, a mixture of calcium phosphates on organic matrices, and the deposition of plaque on teeth to form tartar (calculus). Plaque is a critical reservoir of calcium, phosphate, and fluoride ions needed for remineralization. Protease enzyme levels depend on individual physiology, a tartar control formulation is of interest to one segment of the consumer market. Pyrophosphates act to inhibit the crystal growth (deposition) of the minerals in the plaque on teeth by forming a soluble complex with the calcium in the plaque, and thus control the tartar formulation. Pyrophosphates are typically chosen as anticalculus agents in tartar control toothpastes.